Phase 2 Review of Potential Cumulative Effects to Surface Water and Groundwater from In-Situ Oil Sands Operations, Focusing on the MacKay River Watershed

In-situ oil sands operations, primarily steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD), require groundwater sources to provide the water needed for steam production and to replace water lost to the formation or the bitumen recovery and treatment process. The purpose of this study was to quantitatively assess the cumulative effects of in-situ operations under current and full build conditions (with all sites operating) on the Mackay River watershed.

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Field Value
Contractor Earthfx
Contract Number 2014-0014